The Morrison government's stimulus package provides impetus for investment, protecting jobs and cushioning the blow from an economy that is reeling. But many people are asking whether they can access the package and exactly what they will receive. In this post we offer a simple, easy-to-follow summary of the initiatives, who is eligible and what they can receive.
What is the COVID-19 stimulus package?
The Government has just announced a $17.6 billion investment package to support the economy as we brace for the impact of the coronavirus. The yet to be legislated four part package focuses on business investment, sustaining employers and driving cash into the economy. There are also stimulus payments being made to individuals.
I'm a business owner. What’s in it for me?
The Government has announced a range of measures to support the economy in light of the coronavirus pandemic. The business stimulus focuses on three areas:
- Business investment
- Cash flow assistance for small and medium sized business
- Targeted support for severely affected sectors, regions and communities
Business investment measures
Increase and extension of the instant asset write-off
From 12 March 2020, the instant asset write-off threshold will increase from $30,000 to $150,000, and access to the write-off will be expanded to include businesses with aggregated annual turnover of less than $500 million until 30 June 2020.
The instant asset write-off is a tax deduction that reduces the tax liability of your business.It enables your business to claim an upfront deduction for depreciating assets in the year the asset was purchased and used (or installed ready to use).
For example, if your business is a base rate entity (turnover under $25m) in a company structure you will get back 27.5% in your 2019-20 company return if the company acquires an asset that is used by 30 June 2020. If your business is likely to make a tax loss for the year, then the instant asset write-off is unlikely to provide a short-term benefit to you.
This is the fourth increase or extension to the instant asset write-off and businesses will need to be wary of what they are claiming and when:
Assets will need to be used or installed ready for use from when the changes were announced on 12 March2020 until by 30 June 2020 to qualify for the higher threshold. Anything previously purchased does not qualify for the higher rate but may qualify for one of the other thresholds. Similarly, anything purchased but not installed ready for use by 30 June 2020 will not qualify.
The instant asset write-off only applies to certain depreciable assets such as a concrete tank for a builder, a tractor for a farming business, and a truck for a delivery business. You will also need ensure that there is a relationship between the asset purchased by the business and how the business generates income. You can’t for example just go and purchase multiple television sets if they have no relevance to your business.
There are some assets that don’t qualify such as horticultural plants, capital works (building construction costs etc.), assets leased to another party on a depreciating asset lease, etc.
What businesses can access the instant asset write-off
To access the instant asset write-off, your business needs to be a trading business (the entity buying the assets needs to carry on a business in its own right). It also needs to have an aggregated turnover under $500 million. Aggregated turnover is the annual turnover of the business plus the annual turnover of any “affiliates” or“connected entities”. The aggregation rules are there to prevent businesses splitting their activities to access the concessions. Another entity is connected with you if:
· You control or are controlled by that entity; or
· Both you and that entity are controlled by the same third entity.
Accelerated depreciation deductions
In addition to the instant asset write-off, accelerated depreciation deductions will apply from 12 March 2020 until 30 June 2021. This will bring forward deductions that would otherwise be claimed in later years.
What does this mean? Businesses with a turnover of less than $500 million will be able to deduct 50% of the cost of the asset in the year of purchase. They can also claim a further deduction in that year by applying the normal depreciation rules to the balance of the asset’s cost. This will presumably only be relevant if the business cannot already claim an immediate deduction for the full cost of the asset.
Example: A business purchases a new truck for $250,000 (exclusive of GST) in July 2020. In the 2021 tax return the business would claim an upfront deduction of $125,000. The business would also claim a further deduction for the depreciation that would have arisen on the balance of the cost.
If the business is a small business entity and using the simplified depreciation rules, this would mean an additional deduction of $18,750 (i.e. 15% x $125,000). The total deduction in the 2021 tax return would be $143,750. Without the introduction of this incentive the business would claim a deduction of $37,500 (i.e. 15% x $250,000).\
What assets does this apply to? This incentive will only be available in relation to new assets that are acquired after 12 March 2020 and are first used or installed ready for use by 30 June 2021.
What assets are not included? It will not apply to second-hand assets or buildings and other capital works expenditure.
Cash flow assistance measures
Tax-free payments up to $25,000 for employers
Am I eligible for cash flow support? If your business employees staff and has a turnover of less than $50 million you will be eligible to receive tax-free cash flow support between $2000 and $25,000 between 1 January 2020 and 30 June 2020.
Will I receive cash back? This is not a direct cash payment but a credit equal to 50% of the PAYG amounts withheld from salary and wages paid to employees. The employer will need to lodge an activity statement to trigger the entitlement. If the credit puts the business in a refund position the excess amount will be refunded by the ATO within 14 days.
If a business pays salary and wages to employees but is not required to withhold any tax then a minimum payment of $2,000 will still be made.
When will I receive my credit? Businesses that lodge quarterly activity statements will be eligible to receive the credit for the quarters ending March 2020 and June 2020. Those that lodge on a monthly basis will be eligible for the credit for the March 2020, April 2020, May 2020 and June 2020 lodgements. The minimum $2,000 payment will be applied to the first lodgement.
Wage subsidy of up to 50% of apprentice or trainee wage
Eligible employers (those with less than 20 employees), can apply for a wage subsidy of 50% of an apprentice or trainee wage for up to 9 months, from 1 January 2020 to 30 September 2020. Employers will receive up to $21,000 per apprentice ($7000 per qtr).
How do I qualify? In order to qualify for this payment the apprentice or trainee must have been in training with the business as at 1 March 2020. Employers of any size and group training organisations that re-engage an eligible out-of-trade apprentice or trainee will also be eligible for the subsidy.
If you are unable to retain an apprentice the subsidy will be available to a new employer.
When can I register for the subsidy? It is expected that employers will be able to register for the subsidy from early April 2020. Final claims for payment must be lodged by 31 December 2020.
Targeted support for severely affected sectors, regions and communities
In the wake of recent natural disasters, $1 billion has been committed to support sectors, regions and communities that have been disproportionately affected by the economic impact of coronavirus. Tourism, education and education are specifically targeted.
What is the government doing to help? Initial measures include:
- Waiver of fees and charges for tourism businesses that operate in the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park and Commonwealth National Parks
- Additional assistance to help businesses identify alternative export markets or supply chains
- Measures to promote domestic tourism
What other support is available? Administrative relief for certain tax obligations will also be provided, including deferred tax payments up to four months. The ATO will establish a temporary shop front in Cairns within the next few weeks to support the region’s small businesses. Other initiatives to bring support to the communities are being considered.
I’m an individual. What’s in it for me?
The COVID-19 stimulus also includes a series of targeted household payments that are intended to drive cash back into the economy.
Tax-free $750 payment to social welfare recipients
One-off $750 cash payments are being made to pensioners, social security, veterans and other income support recipients and eligible concession card holders. Payments are being progressively made from 31 March, with 90% being delivered by mid-April.
The payment will be tax-free and will not count as income for social security, farm household allowance and veteran payments. There will be one payment per eligible recipient even if they qualify in multiple ways.
Casual employees to access the Newstart ‘sickness payment’
While not part of the stimulus package, the Prime Minister has stated that casual employees required to self-isolate or who contract the coronavirus will be eligible for a sickness payment through Newstart. The normal waiting period will be waived.
Need more information about the stimulus package?
We hope that this has answered your questions about the specifics of the stimulus package roll-out. For more information, you can call the ATO on their Emergency Support Infoline 1800 806 218.